A stroke can cause major burden to the victim. An estimated 30 million people around the world are stroke survivors. Approximately one-quarter of residents in nursing homes and assisted living facilities are stroke survivors. A recent review aimed to integrate the existing knowledge from literature regarding stroke and analyze themes around the care of stroke survivors in long-term care facilities.
Using a systematic search performed in PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, the Cochrane Lubrary, and CINAHL, articles were selected that met the eligibility criteria. The articles were grouped according to similar themes. From the 1920 articles screened for eligibility, 22 passed the eligibility criteria. Of the 22 articles that were chosen, five articles comprised interventional and 17 articles comprised observational studies. The three themes that were identified were rehabilitation, stroke specific care, and secondary stroke drug prevention. These were examined and found to be lacking within long-term care facilities. There was also a scarcity of interventional studies in stroke survivors from long-term care facilities.
The study concluded that the care of stroke survivors in long-term care facilities was lacking in rehabilitation, stroke-specific care and secondary stroke prevention. Interventions to address the unmet need in stroke survivors living in nursing homes and assisted living facilities are critical for providing optimal quality of care for these vulnerable group of patients.